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The network of Persian gardens means a collection of gardens which encompasses the most significant historical gardens. Bagh-e Fin is one of the most authentic and prominent gardens in such a network.
Although there are some hints in several sources about the background of Bagh-e Fin prior to Safavid Dynasty specially on the manner of construction in the new place and abandonment of the Old bagh (garden), but no clear image of it can be found. From the end of 10th century Hijra that is the starting point of the bagh construction in the new place, closer to the Mazharkhaneh of Soleymaniyeh Spring, the historical records about the developments of the bagh are more definite. The pinnacle of developments done for the bagh can be seen from the reign of King Abbas I (1587-1629 AD) to the reign of King Abbas II (1666-1624 AD).
In Qajar dynasty, it has been highly regarded in the reign of Fath-Ali Shah (1795-1834 AD) and many annexations have been added to the building. The garden has been paid less attention to after the fath-Ali Shah’s decease till 1935 and even some parts have been destroyed. It was finally inscribed in the list of National Properties in 1935 and it received a new phase of attention. The Persian gardens are a kind of open and green spaces that have been designed from very past times. Through thousands of years, such spaces, a wide-ranging network of gardens have come to existence all over the areas in which the Iranian culture and civilization had dominated and or influenced by this civilization.
Bagh-e Fin has been located among a collection of gardens in the region of Fin. The forging collection has been created by the irrigation of the region of Small Fin (Fin-e Kouchak) by means of the historical spring of Soleymaniyeh. Bagh-e Fin is totally about 2.3 hectares in area and a yard to the dimensions of 120m×140m, approximately 1.7 hectares in area, has been allocated for the main yard. This main yard is the most important part of the garden and has been surrounded by four ramparts and towers which have been constructed in the joining points of the ramparts.
There is a main passage in the garden from the loft (Sardarkhaneh) to the clove (Shahneshin) at the end of the garden. This passage is the most important one and encompasses several important elements including main palace, the front open space, pool, pond with 12 fountains, and the pond which is called Hoze-joosh.There exist 579 cypress trees and 11 plane trees.